Selecting The Right Windows for Energy Efficiency
New window technologies have increased energy benefits and comfort, and have provided more practical options for consumers. This selection guide will help homeowners, architects, and builders take advantage of the expanding window market. The guide contains three
sections: an explanation of energy-related window characteristics, a discussion of window energy performance ratings, and a convenient checklist for window selection.
Selecting the right window for a specific home invariably requires tradeoffs between different
energy performance features, and with other non-energy issues. An understanding of some basic energy concepts is therefore essential to choosing appropriate windows and skylights. As illustrated on the following page, three major types of energy flow occur through windows:
Public houses a lot more known as Pubs are typically family created establishments that offer both beverages and food in a bar environment. If you have ever been to a tree pub, then you will understand how homey an environment they have. There is not much loud music playing, there is typically no dance floor, and there may or may not be a tv in the corner showing the current sports game on. To this effect, your pub interior design is going to want to state this easy going environment.
The pub interior design of a lot of these establishments is typically warm and heavy on the wood side. A lot of warm wood paneling is typically found as a component of pub interior design so this could make decorating the walls of the pub simpler if this is the look you are going for. While wooden paneling or tongue and grove slats can be quite expensive, it is possible to get a similar effect by using a top rate wall paper or timber look parquet tiles that could adhere to the walls just as easily. The same can go for the flooring making it simpler to structure your pub interior design as well as clean once the night is over.
The main attraction of most pubs is the lengthy bar which typically takes up the length of one wall. How you prepare the area behind the bar is completely up to you but one pub interior design concept you may want to consider that looks to be consistent with most establishments is the mirror. A mirror helps produce further lighting to your pub as well as gives it the impression of being larger than it really is. Your mirror doesnt have to be big or take up the entire wall. The way you place it on the wall is key to achieving the complete effect.
Finally, the last thing you have to consider in your pub interior design is seating. Small personal seating is the norm for pubs and whether or not you wish to include booths is completely up to you. A mixture of quadratic and round tables could provide you with a feeling of variety and will let you to set up a larger table if necessary for big groups. A lot pub interior design schemes are laid out in such a way that the establishment is warm, open, and inviting. And that is how a pub must be.
IT’S IN THE PLANNING
Senior Interior Designer Caroline Flannery with Dublin based Interior Design Consultancy Level Design Solutions states that whilst your salon should certainly be chic and stylish it must also function as a working space. You will need to consider the layout carefully in order to optimise all available space and to ensure an effortless flow of people throughout. It is pointless after all to invest in state of the art equipment or expensive lighting and finishes if your staff are constantly tripping over each other or your clients are uncomfortable. Since salons normally offers a wide range of services it is usual to break up the floor plan into a number of separate spaces for example you may require some private treatment rooms for waxing and massage in addition to a more open plan area for nails. Consider the following elements whilst outlining the layout of your salon. Reception/Waiting Area The reception desk should face the entrance. Try to keep the desk away from the waiting area to protect client’s privacy. Consider using flat LCD monitors for a more streamlined contemporary finish. The number of seats will depend on the size of the salon but it is obviously not productive to have too many people waiting to be seen. Display and market product in the reception/waiting area. You should also provide a closed space for coats/bags if possible. Manicure and Pedicure Areas These sections should be close to each other enabling the sharing of common storage compartments and for ease of access. Clients should not be expected to walk across the salon whilst in the process of having a treatment done. Wash basins should be within close reach. Treatment Rooms Separate compartments should be provided for each treatment to ensure complete privacy, ideally these rooms will be sound proofed and should be positioned close to a WC/Shower. Storage Storage is an important element of the planning stage as units can be incorporated into the wall for a more streamlined finish. A sense of cleanliness and order can be achieved by storing products in closed cabinets or hidden shelves. Ensure that the therapists have all the equipment and tools they need within reach. Plumbing and Electrical Consider how many basins and electrical points you will require and try to incorporate these into your layout design. Written by Caroline Flannery BA(hons) DipHE LEVEL DESIGN SOLUTIONS – Dublin 15, Ireland www.leveldesignsolutions.com
Professional and Affordable Interior Design Consultancy
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With natural gas prices being steadily on the rise, EIA reports indicate an expected decline in the usage of natural gas for power generation. The increasing costs of fossilized fuel resources, their limited availability and steady demand now make it mandatory for countries to consider energy saving means to utilise these resources for power generation.
Energy efficiency in power generation enables countries to harness precious natural resources in a sustainable manner. It has been observed and reported that conventional power plants generating electricity from natural resources tend to lose a major part of it during different stages of the process itself. For example, just 1% of the electricity generated at a conventional power plant is available for end use, in the case of domestic lighting. There are consistent energy losses at each stage of power generation, apart from losses during transmission and conversion at the end-user point.
Fossilized fuel sources theoretically offer high electricity generation efficiencies when compared to renewable or clean energy sources, except for water, as large scale hydro-electric power generation facilities tend to efficiently harness the power of water. The energy harnessed, however, should be fully utilised to justify the costs and efforts put into the process. Steam turbine-based power production results in approximately 65 % wastage in terms of heat generated during the process, while the type of fuel used also influences the energy efficiency of the system.